Vancomycin utilization review.
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Vancomycin utilization review.

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Published by Victoria Hospital in London .
Written in English


Book details:

The Physical Object
Pagination32 leaves
Number of Pages32
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18730572M

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In this study, % of the vancomycin used for the patients with febrile neutropenia was compatible with the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) guideline. The initial dosage of. Drug utilization review of vancomycin in febrile neutropenic patients hospitalized at a bone marrow transplantation center. Author(s): Hadjibabaie, M. Author Affiliation: Hematology-Oncology Department, Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, by: 2. A prospective, two-phase, drug utilization review (DUR) was performed at the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH) to determine the extent and pattern of vancomycin use. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional chart review was carried out to evaluate the utilization of vancomycin among hospitalized patients with vancomycin therapy between April to Results: One hundred twenty five patients were enrolled in the study, consisting of 60 males and 65 females. The age range was 13 to 80 years.

  A literature review of existing evidence regarding vancomycin dosing and monitoring of serum concentrations, in addition to patient outcomes combined with expert opinion regarding the drug's pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and safety record, resulted in new recommendations for targeting and adjustment of vancomycin therapy. Vancomycin is bactericidal and exhibits time-dependent or concentration-independent bacterial killing. 1 Antibiotics with time-dependent killing characteristically kill bacteria most effectively when drug concentrations are a multiple (usually three to five times) of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for the bacteria. 1,2 The mechanism of action for vancomycin is inhibition of cell. Objectives: To assess the appropriateness of vancomycin dosing and monitoring at Lebanese hospitals. Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study conducted at 3 Lebanese hospitals between January and March Patients 18 years of age and older treated with vancomycin for a systemic infection or prophylaxis were eligible for study enrollment. The present study reveals significant challenges in the utilization of vancomycin in critically ill patients. There is a need for clearer guidelines regarding dosing and therapeutic drug monitoring of vancomycin for patient subgroups. Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic for use against infections with gram‐positive bacteria.

DOI: /nbm.v6i Corpus ID: Drug Utilization Evaluation of Vancomycin in Pediatric Department @article{DehghanDrugUE, title={Drug Utilization Evaluation of Vancomycin in Pediatric Department}, author={Farzaneh Dehghan and Narges Khorami and Naeeme Taslimi Taleghani and Azita Bassiri and P. Davoodian and F. Shirvani and Nader Zolghadri and Simin Dokht . Vancomycin clearance is minimally altered by hemodialysis using standard cuprophane membranes. However, it is significantly increased using a high-flux polysulfone membrane. • A year-old anuric woman with end-stage renal insufficiency received a massive overdose of vancomycin (40 mg/kg/day for 8 days) and was treated three times with high-flux hemodiafiltration with a polysulfone membrane.   INTRODUCTION. High-level antibiotic resistance among gram-positive organisms has become a serious public health threat.1, 2, 3 Methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) have emerged over the past 3 decades and are now common in patients with hospital-acquired infections.2, 3, 4 In addition, MRSA and MRSE infections . Your time dependent antibiotics are beta lactams (all of them) and vancomycin. That might not sound like a ton, but think about it. That's a crap-ton of antibiotics. All of the penicillins. All of the cephalosporins. All of the carbapenems. Aztreonam. There are a few dozen antibiotics there. On the other hand, there's concentration-dependent.